We use these items every day, sometimes not knowing what interesting stories behind their appearance. With the development of a consumer society disposable products are becoming more refined. Today there are disposable contact lenses, headphones, books, cameras, microscopes, barbecues, computers and even space ships! Expendability firmly established in our lives. We use these things every day, sometimes without knowing what interesting stories behind their appearance.
Tea bag was born thanks to chance. In 1904, coffee and tea merchant Thomas Sullivan decided to save on sending samples of their products cafes, restaurants and shops. Instead of heavy cans Sullivan began to pack very small portions of tea in small bags of muslin and silk. And clients have decided that even more comfortable in them tea and brew. This is how the tea bag. Later the tissue was replaced by special paper. A patented a tea bag in 1952, another successful producer of tea - a competitor by the name of Sullivan Lipton.
CondomThe name of the man who devised a disposable condom, is unknown. Some historians claim that condoms first appeared in ancient Egypt. Produces them in soft leather, and used them mostly privileged personages. Be that as it may, in the XVI century Italian Gabriele Falloppio invented a reusable condoms in the form of bags of linen, and then conducted a study among 1100 men who had decided to take a novelty. None of them are not infected with syphilis! Condoms are also made from the intestines of animals, bovine bladder and even specially treated turtle shell. After the discovery in 1840 by Charles Goodyear of vulcanization of rubber condoms became elastic. In 1921, Alfred Trodzhan discovered a way of curing the latex condom and came in mass production. Nevertheless, even in 1940 - 1950-ies condoms were reusable, they should be washed and stored in small boxes. Disposable condoms were in the 1960's. Now every year in the world uses between 10 to 15 billion condoms.
Most benefits from the reluctance of customers to use things the second time the producers were able to extract stationery. The main hero of this story was a Frenchman Marcel Beek, founder of the company «Bic». The first disposable ballpoint pens «Bic» was released in 1953. Already three years later in the day sold 1 million of these pens.
The idea of disposable diapers at first failed. The American Marion Donovan, in 1951 received a patent for an invention bouterov - waterproof baby pants made of absorbent paper, worn over diapers or regular shorts. However, consumers are wary about the new idea: use a diaper once, then throw it seemed impractical. Ten years disposables interested company Procter & Gamble », in 1961, releasing the first diapers« Pampers ». The modern market for disposable diapers is estimated, according to various sources of 4,5 - 10 billion dollars.
History of disposable cups is rooted in the beginning of XX century. In 1908 an American doctor Alvin Davidson published a study on mortality among schoolchildren. One of the reasons he cited the use of unhygienic public metal mugs. In 1910, an American student Hugh Moore patented safe cup (safe cup) - twisted cone sheet of cardboard. At the same time invented a vending machine for individual cups and installed it in public places and railway trains.
Disposable syringe invented by New Zealander Colin Murdoch, a pharmacist and veterinarian. Invention was to simplify and speed up vaccination of animals - the medicine must be sealed in the syringe beforehand. Later, Murdoch came up with the idea that the syringe can be used in medical practice, thereby reducing the risk of transmission of infection from one patient to another. Production of plastic disposable syringes in an industrial scale was straightened in 1961.
One-time razors we owe the famous American King Gillette Kemp. The first disposable razors came on the market in 1903. Then managed to sell 51 razor. In the next year - 91 thousand razors. And by 1917 annually sold 1 million razors. The reason for the success of disposable razors is obvious: they are cheap, easy to use and, being disposable, guarantee hygiene.